Drawings are the heart of a construction project. These undergo many phases and iterations. Often, it turns difficult to manage the drawings prepared by the architect during the design phase and the drawings issued during the construction phase. It should be noted here that the contractors must have the latest set of drawings at all the times to avoid any cost overrun. However, digital drawing management software has come as a blessing for the construction industry.
An array of drawings is used in the process of designing and constructing a building. So, here is a check-in into the different types in this article. These are also used in digital construction drawing management.
1. Assembly Drawings
Assembly drawings are utilized to represent items comprising of more than one component. The drawings display how the components will fit in together. They may include elevations, sections, and orthogonal plans, or three-dimensional views showcasing the assembled components or an exploded view which shows the relationship between the components and the way they fit in together.
2. As-built drawings and record drawings
Changes are common in a construction project owing to various circumstances that come up on the site. It results in the preparation of as-built drawings, sometimes during the construction and sometimes after the construction to display what has been built. The contractor marks up the changes to the final construction issue drawings, and then these can be utilized by the consultant team to create drawings displaying that the project is complete.
3. Block Plan
Generally, a block plan shows the siting of buildings as blocks laid on maps of the surrounding area. A standard markup range can be utilized to show roads, boundaries and other details. The scale of block plans is 1:2500, 1:1250 and 1:500. It is dependent on the size of the project.
4. Concept Drawings
Sketches or concept drawings are the quickest and simplest means of exploring the initial ideas for designs. They may not be definitive or accurate but is a means of communicating and investigating the design principles and aesthetic concepts.
5. Component drawings
Usually, the components are taken from a single supplier. The component drawings furnish information in detail on the individual units. These can be drawn at large scales such as 1:10, 1:5, 1:2, 1:1 and so on. These include information like construction, component dimensions, tolerances and so forth.
6. Construction drawings/Working drawings
Construction drawings furnish graphical, dimensioned information to be used by the contractor to build the works or suppliers to fabricate components or assemble or install the components. Along with the specifications and bills of quantities and work schedule, they are part of ‘production information.’ The designers made these and forwarded to the construction team to make a project happen.
7. Detail Drawings
Details drawings showcase a detailed description of the geometric form of a part of an object, for instance, bridge, building, tunnel, machine, etc. These are large scale drawings showcasing parts in detail. These may comprise two-dimensional orthogonal projections displaying plans, sections, and elevations and may be drawn to scale by hand or may be prepared with Computer Aided Design (CAD) software.
8. Design Drawings
With design drawings, ideas can be developed and communicated on a developing design. In the early stage of construction, it may showcase the client the ability of a specific team to manage the design. These are further utilized for developing and communicating the brief to investigate the sites and assess options and develop the idea and coordinate the design.
9. Electrical Drawings
Electrical drawing is a kind of technical drawing that offers visual representation and information related to a circuit or an electrical system. These can also be used to showcase the engineering design to the electricians’ or other workers who can then use it to install the electrical system.
Elevation cites an orthographic projection of the external parts of any building. An elevation drawing is a two-dimensional drawing of the building’s façade. The buildings are rectangular shapes in plan, an elevation drawing in a first angle projection. It shows all the parts of the building. Usually, elevations are made of four directional views, such as east, west, north, and south.
11. Floor Plans
Floor plans are a kind of orthographic projection. It can be utilized to display the layout of rooms within the buildings when seen from above. They can be used to prepare the design process or provide the information for construction. These are associated with schedules, drawings, and specifications.
12. Engineering Drawing
An engineering drawing is a kind of technical drawing utilized to define the needs for the engineering products and components. Generally, an engineering drawing aims to capture all the geometric features of a product or component for an engineer or manufacturer to prepare the item needed.
13. Location Drawings
The location drawings or the general arrangement drawings represent the complete composition of an object such as the building. It may need a lot of different kinds of projections such as sections, plans, and elevations and these may transcend across various drawings.
14. Installation drawings
Installation drawings represent the much-needed information for the trades to install part of the works. These are especially essential for complicated installations such as data centers, plant rooms, ventilation systems, underfloor heating and so forth.
15. Location Plan
A location plan is a document, and a planning authority needs it as a part of a planning application. The drawing furnishes a design of the possible development in the surrounding context.
16. Scale Drawing
Scale drawing defines any drawing that shows the items at less than the actual size. It is important especially when the items are either too large or small. It is not easy to draw with the actual size.
17. Section Drawing
Section drawing displays a view of a structure. It helps in providing a view through the surrounding structures and spaces. These unravel the relation of the various parts of a building. It may not be evident on the plan drawings.
18. Site Plans
A site plan is a large-scale drawing. It shows the full extent of the site for existing development. Site plans with the location plans are sometimes vital for the planning applications. Mostly, site plans are drawn by following a series of site investigations and desk studies.
19. Technical Drawings
Technical drawing refers to a drawing that shows the manner something can function or how it is made. Technical drawings intend to depict one meaning which is expressive and can be interpreted in many ways. We can say that most of the drawings prepared as a part of the design and construction of buildings are technical drawings.
A reliable architectural drawing management software is essential to prevent any re-work or else a lot of time would be wasted in coordinating the final decision followed by updating the layout in the drawing by the architect.
Digital drawing management software is the best way to connect the office to the field. Research has shown that about 55% warranty claims were made only because of the inaccurate documentation. It is but apparent that any delay in having the recent information to the field can pave the way for more RFIs and reduction in rework.
What Does Drawing Management Software Do?
Digital drawing management ensures that one can track the latest project drawings and all the revisions in one location. A construction project management software provides that the user can view, upload and manage the project drawings from any place at any time. The users have access to the latest set of project drawings.
The architectural drawing management software is mobile which means that the users can have access to the project drawings from the field or the office. The workers on the ground can get quick feedback on the revised drawings uploaded. The management sitting in the office can interpret the drawings when they get uploaded providing the field workers instant feedback.
How Is Architectural Drawing Management Done Through Software?
The user can upload any digital drawing file to the system, for all the team members to have access to watch and download the drawings.
Distribute the Drawing Revisions
Usually, a centralized drawing revision log in the digital drawing management software tracks the details of the drawings to avoid any doubt in the minds of the team. A repository of all the drawing files can be handled online, and then email notification is sent automatically to the team after the revision has been submitted. Drawings are accessible on mobile devices and are available offline.
Mark up Drawings
The team members can mark up drawings by commenting, redlining, adding text, and stamping approvals. Whenever an alteration is made to a picture, it creates a new version. This activity can be done online on a smartphone having digital drawing management software or even offline. The changes done offline can be done automatically when it regains internet access.
This article should help you understand the art of construction drawing management better.